Sightseeing - Tanzania is indeed Unsurpassed Africa in the bounty of its wildlife and the beauty of the land: Mount Kilimanjaro, Africa’s highest mountain; all of Africa’s Great Lakes; the best game parks in the world; hiking and nature trails such as the Usambara Mountains; the fabulous island of Zanzibar.
Water sports - With its long Indian Ocean coast and its shores on the Great Lakes, Tanzania is a dream world for water enthusiasts: big-game fishing, freshwater fishing, diving, snorkeling, swimming and just relaxing on the beaches.
Shopping - Locally made products are available at good prices: batiks, Tingatinga paintings, carvings (especially the Makonde artwork), basket ware, jewelers of all kinds, textiles, and more.Inter-continental flights serve Dar es Salaam, eight miles from the city center, and Kilimanjaro, 31 miles from Arusha. Zanzibar Airport is five miles from town.
The protection of nature is everyone’s concern. On safari do not collect or buy bones, skins, homs, teeth, feathers, or shells. And on the coast do not bring back coral, shells, or starfish, which play an important role in the fragile ecosystem. Do not litter where others are expected to visit.The protection of cultures is also everyone’s concern. The guides know the local habits and customs. It is always advisable to ask someone’s permission before taking his or her photograph.
Best Time to Visit
The Tanzanian climate is tropical. The central plateau is dry and arid with hot days and cool nights, while the northwest highlands are cool and temperate. June to September is the cooler season. The “long rains’ are from-March to May and the “short rains” are between October and December. The hottest months are between October and February. On the coast, it rains in November and December and from March to May. Coastal areas are hot and humid although sea breezes coo the area pleasantly between June and September.
For safaris in the north, during the day, light clothing. Sturdy shoes are recommended. Canvas hats. At night, casual wear with a light cardigan or a pull over (for altitudes between 1500m in Arusha and 2400m in Ngorongoro). On the coast, summer wear. For Kilimanjaro or other treks, check with a mountain specialist before departure. To bring: sunscreen, lotions, sunglasses, mosquito cream and binoculars.On safari, avoid brightly colored clothes, they may alarm the animals, browns, beiges and khaki are preferred. Short-sleeve shirts/blouses and shorts are ideal, but pack a sweater, it can be chilly in the early morning and in the evening. Don’t forget a swimsuit. Immodest clothing will offend local tradition.
The basic unit is the Tanzanian shilling. It advisable to carry American dollars. Moneychangers also accept the major convertible currencies including the yen. Travelers’ cheques are exchangeable in some places. Major credit cards are accepted in the larger hotels but it is advisable to carry cash.Visitors can take in any amount of foreign currency and no currency declaration is required. But import and export of Tanzanian currency is illegal. Foreign currency in cash or travelers’ cheques may be exchanged at any branch of the commercial banks or through authorized dealers and at Bureaux de Change (“forex bureaux”), at the international airports, major towns, and border posts.
Customs, Duty-Free Item
Personal effects, including binoculars, cameras and film, may be brought in free of duty. A custom’s bond may be demanded from those bringing in video/ filming equipment, radios, tape recorders and musical instruments to ensure the goods are re-exported. Firearms require a special permit. Duty free allowances are 200 cigarettes, 50 cigars or 250 grammes of tobacco plus one pint of spirits, provided the traveler is over 16. Visitors buying local handcraft must keep sales receipts for presentation to customs officials on departure.
Electricity: 230 volts AC, 50 Hz
By Air -Air Tanzania and Precision air have scheduled services to all the major towns of Tanzania. There are also smaller companies with scheduled services, and a number of charter companies based in Zanzibar, Dar es Salaam and Arusha.
By Rail - There are three main railway lines: the Northern, running from Tanga to Arusha; the Central (connecting to the North), which runs from Dar es Salaam to Lake Tanganyika at Kigoma and has a northern spur that runs to Lake Victoria at Mwanza; and TAZARA, the Tanzania – Zambia railway service that runs from Dar es Salaam into central Zambia. Train travel is comfortable and reliable, through not as fast as most bus services.
By Bus - Intercity buses abound, and you can reach almost any town, big or small, by bus.
By Water – There are Indian Ocean ferries connecting Mtwara, Dar es Salaam, Zanzibar, Pemba and Tanga. Tanzania Railway Corporation operates ferries on the Great Lakes.
Car Hire – There are many car hire companies in Dar es Salaam, Arusha and other major towns. They can be hired with or without drivers. An International. Driver’s License is required, and the driving is on the left hand side of the road.Modern medical services are available in Dar es Salaam and other major centers. Visitors are advised to bring their own medicines with them, but there are major pharmacies in the big cities.
General Security Matters:
Tanzania is one of the most peaceful countries in the world characterized with a Stable political system. However visitors and tourists should be very careful with things in cities and where thugary incidences occur they should report them to the nearest Police Station.
Visitors from countries infected with yellow fever must produce international certificates of vaccination; this is particularly relevant for those traveling from neighbouring African countries. If visiting Zanzibar from mainland Tanzania, a yellow fever certificate must be produced. The British Department of Health recommends vaccinations against hepatitis A, polio and typhoid. It is essential for visitors to take a course of anti-malaria tablets, commencing two weeks before travel.
Swahili and English. In major towns and tourist areas, a visitor should be able to get along quite well with English only.
Local Time:GMT + hours
In major towns, there are facilities for local and international calls, either through communication companies or by phone cards. For those calling into Tanzania, the country code is 255. The major city codes are as follows: Dar es Salaam 51, Arusha 57, Tanga 53, Moshi 55, and Zanzibar 54.
Travelers may enter Zanzibar directly by air or by sea (e.g., cruise ships). There are frequent air and ferry services from Dar es Salaam, and some services from Tanga.