Although small, Luxembourg has an extensive network of marked hiking and walking routes. Sometimes referred to as ‘the green heart of Europe’, almost one third of the country consists of forests. The best areas for walking are in the north where the Müllerthal (also known as Luxembourg’s ‘Little Switzerland’) and the Luxembourg Ardennes (known as Eisléck in the national language) offer spectacular rock formations, densely wooded forests and lush valleys (see also the Where to Go section). There are 171 official hiking routes (marked by a blue triangle) and 19 national footpaths (sentiers nationaux, marked by a yellow sign). The Youth Hostels footpath (marked by a white triangle) links together the country’s 12 youth hostels. Maps of footpaths (circuits autopédestres) and hiking guides are readily available from bookshops and newsagents. Rock climbing is available near Berdorf in the Müllerthal region. Permission is required and can be obtained by writing to Eaux et Forêts, Diekirch, PO Box 30, L-920, Diekirch.
There are six golf clubs in the country. There are five 18-hole courses: Golf Club Grand Ducal (located in Senningerbierg, close to Luxembourg-Ville); Golf de Clervaux (located just outside the town of Clervaux, north of the capital, offering good views and golf cars for rent); Kikuoka Country Club Chant Val (located at Scheierhaff near the town of Canach); Golf & Country Club Christnach; and the Golf de Luxembourg (located in Junglinster). A 9-hole course is available at the Golf Club Eischen. For all courses, players must be members of an official golf club.
Near the town of Esch-sur-Sûre, in the heart of the Upper Sûre National Park, the River Sûre was damned up in 1961 to form the Upper Sûre Lake (Staudamm). The lake provides drinking water, supplies and generates electricity and offers a range of watersports. The protected area for drinking water stretches back some 5km (3 miles) from the main dam. Swimming is allowed only in marked areas and the water temperature is usually warm enough from June to September. Sailing and windsurfing are very popular and there are a number of sailing schools as well as companies hiring out boats and windsurfing boards. The best resorts for sailing and windsurfing are Insenborn, Lultzhausen and Liefrange. Further lakes where waterports can be pursued are at Echternach, Remerschen and Weiswampach. Water-skiing is allowed on the River Moselle from mid-April to mid-October from dawn to dusk in the sections of the river marked SKI. Luxembourg’s many rivers also offer a range of watersports: the rivers Sûre, Moselle and the mountain rivers Clerve, Wiltz and Our are particularly good for kayaking and canoeing.
This is popular in Luxembourg’s main wine-growing region in the southeast, the Moselle (d’Musel), which is named after the River Moselle flowing through it and forming a 42km- (27 mile-)border with Germany. The mild, sunny climate of the Moselle is ideal for wine making. White wines such as Riesland, Rivaner and Elbling are the most popular. Top-quality wines are labelled Grand Premier Cru. Wine cellars are happy to receive visitors. For further information, contact the Luxembourg National Tourist Board (see General Info section).
This is possible only in designated parts of lakes and rivers throughout the country. Trout is a popular catch. Many country hotels have their own fishing grounds which are open to guests, and where the chef will be pleased to cook the day’s catch. Fishing licenses are required and issued by the District Commissioners of Luxembourg, Diekirch and Grevenmacher, as well as by different communal administrations.
There are over 30 marked cycling routes and it is possible to cycle from the south to the north on car-free routes. Contact the Luxembourg National Tourist Office for details (see General Info section).