& Climate in Romania
and Climate in Romania
is strongly influenced by the geographical position. Generally speaking
the territory of Romania enjoys temperate-continental climate, with the
influence from the Atlantic, Mediterranean from the south west and excessive
elements from the east and north east. The multiyear average temperature
is latitudinally differentiated, it is 8°C in north and 11°C in
South and altitudinally with temperatures of 2,6°C in the mountains
and 11,7°C in the fields. During summer, Romanian's territory is an
connecting bridge between hot, dry subtropical climate, characteristic
to the Ponto-Caspian steppe. The Scandinavian anticyclonic area is frequent
in winter and consequently the country is presenting similar characteristics
to the Scandinavian climate of subpolar rather frosty nuance. Differences
between summer and winter temperature are remarkable. The shift however,
occurs gradually by the insertion of the two seasons, namely spring and
arc brings along substantial influences by ranging the climate in vertical
tiers, characterized by sever winters (January average temperature is
-4°C down to -15°C) cool summers (July average varies between
5°C and 6°C) and abundant precipitation (800mm-1200mm). In some
mountains districts the snow layer lasts from October sometimes even earlier,
until the end of May or June. At the altitude of 1,500m the snow layer
lasts more then 200 days per year.
The mountains in the western part of the country, standing in the way
of the wet air masses, have a longer interval of snow layer, even at location
lower than 1500m such as Semenic, Muntele Mic, Baisoara, Muntele Mare
and Stana de Vale. In the hilly districts, the climate is characterized
by intermediate values relative to the plain and mountains value (respectively
8-9° C annual average temperature and 600-800m annual average precipitation).
Plain, the south of Moldova and the Dobrogea, record a marked continental
climate, characterized by relatively chilly winters (mean January temperatures
vary between -3° and -4°C ) , torrid summers (mean July temperatures
vary from 22° to 23° C ) and few precipitations (500mm and even
400 mm annually ).
The narrow seashore, lying under the direct influence of the Black Sea
and the Danube waterside, more sheltered, are an exception to the marked
continental characteristics of the plain climate. Winters are milder in
this climate district (January mean temperature varies from 0°C to
-1°C). On the seashore, summers are refreshed by the sea breeze, whereas
on the Danube waterside they are just as hot as in the Romanian Plain
and the total sun radiation records the greatest values, of 127-128kcal/sq
44 50 N, 26 13 E, 298 feet (91 meters) above sea level
23 N, 23 86 E, 639 feet (195 meters) above sea level.
CONSTANTA 44 21 N, 28 63 E, 45 feet (14 meters) above sea level.
BRASOV 45 63 N, 25 58 E, 1765 feet (538 meters) above sea level.