United Arab Emirates is a Federal Sovereign State
which consists of seven Emirates namely: Abu Dhabi,
Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm Al Quwain, Fujairah and
Ras Al Khaimah.
Federation of six Emirates was established on 2nd
December 1971. The Emirate of Ras Al Khaimah joined
the Federation on the 10th of February 1972. According
to the constitution, the Supreme Council of the Federation
is the highest political authority in the country.
It consists of all the Rulers of the seven Emirates.
President and the Vice President of the state are
elected by the Supreme Council and from its members.
The President appoints the Prime Minister with the
consent of the members of the Supreme Council. The
Federal Ministers are appointed by a decree by the
President upon the recommendation of the Prime Minister.
Federal National Council (FNC), which consists of
representatives of each Emirate, is the legislative
council (Parliament). It exercises the authority to
discuss and draft all Federal laws and then refer
them to the Supreme Council for enactment. This is
in addition to its role in discussing issues of public
interest and monitoring the conduct of the Federal
the international level, the United Arab Emirates
is a member of the Arab League, the Arab Gulf Cooperation
Council, the United Nations, the World Bank for Reconstruction
& Development, the International Monetary Fund
and many other international organizations such as
the International Labor Organization, the United Nations
Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization,
the International Organization for Industrial Development,
the World Health Organization and others. Being an
important oil producing country, it is also a member
in the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
(OPEC) and the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting